This is what the LORD, who saves you,
the Holy One of Israel, says:
"I am the LORD your God, who teaches you
to do what is good, who leads you
in the way you should go."
(Isa. 48:17)
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Biblical Insights:
Growing Deeper In God's Word
from our "Growing With God" series
Kings of Judah & Israel
the following is an excerpt from Growing in God's Word:
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~ About the Growing With God series:

This series is based on John 15 and Matthew 13. God is the vinedresser, and we are the vines that He has planted. However if we do not stay “rooted in Him” then we will cease to grow. Jesus said, “if you abide in Me, and My Word abides in you….”  His Word, however, cannot abide in us if  the soil of our heart is hardened, it takes constant nurturing, tilling and weeding, if we want our hearts to remain good fertile ground that will bear fruit for the glory of God. Not only will this help us to bear much fruit, but we will also flourish like a Palm tree planted by God (Ps. 92:12-13; Ps. 1:3; and Jer. 17:8).

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Growing in God's Word

The first king of the nation of Israel was Saul. His family comes from the tribe of Benjamin. When Samuel (who was the governing judge of God’s  people) had reached an old age, the people asked for a king. They saw that all the other nations around them had kings and felt they needed the “overhead protection of kingship.”  What they didn’t realize was that the anointed and true king was not ready to take his place yet, and the people needed to wait. They failed to remember that God had raised up judges in the past and had given His people leadership for generations-- without having to name a “king.” But this was no longer acceptable to them. Samuel warned the people that by placing a king over them, they would lose a lot of freedom and that their way of life would forever change, but the people didn’t care.

God had Samuel privately anoint Saul (see 1 Samuel 10), then later he was again publicly selected. However, because he didn’t obey God, his kingdom was taken from him, and preserved for David-- who had always been God’s chosen leader and whose bloodline Jesus would come from.

After Saul’s death, David would rule Judah for seven and a half years before becoming king over all of Israel. He ruled over the entire nation for 33 years, making his kingship a total of 40 years. His son Solomon would reign after him for 40 years. Rehoboam, Solomon’s son, would become king after Solomon. However, the kingdom divided during Rehoboam’s reign. He continued to be king over the southern nation, which included Judah and Benjamin, and the son of Solomon’s servant became king of the northern nation.
  • On a side note: Saul’s fourth son Ishboshet was 40 years old when Saul died. Ishboshet ruled as king of Israel for two years during the seven years David was ruler over Judah before uniting the kingdom (see 2 Samuel 2:9).
Ruled
17 y
3 y
41 y
25 y
8 y
1 y
6 y
40 y
29 y
52 y
16 y
16 y
29 y
55 y
2 y
31 y
3 m
11 y
3 m
11 y
Kings of Judah
Rehoboam
Abijah(Abijam)
Asa
Jehoshaphat
Jehoram
Ahaziah
*Athaliah
Jehoash (Joash)
Amaziah
Uzziah (Azariah)
Jotham
Ahaz
Hezekiah
Manasseh
Amon
Josiah
Jehoahaz
Jehoiakim
Jehoiachin
Zedekiah.
Found In Scripture
1 Kin. 12:1---14:31 and 2 Chr. 10:1—- 12:16
1 Kin. 15:1-24 and 2 Chr. 13:1-22
1 Kin. 15:9-24 and  2 Chr. 14:1—- 16:14
1 Kin. 22:41-50 and 2 Chr. 17:1—-21:3
2 Kin. 8:16-24 and 2 Chr. 21:4-20
2 Kin. 8:25-9 and 2 Chr. 22:1-9
2 Kin. 11:1-16 and 2 Chr. 22:10—-23:21
2 Kin. 11:17—-12:21 and 2 Chr. 23:16---24:27
2 Kin. 14:1-22; 2 Chr. 25:1-28
2 Kin. 15:1-7; 2Chr. 26:1-23
2 Kin. 15:32-38; 2 Chr. 27:1-9
2 Kin. 16:1-20; 2 Chr. 28:1-27
2 Kin. 18:1—-20:21;  2 Chr. 29:1---32:33
2 Kin. 21:1-18; 2 Chr. 33:1-20
2 Kin. 21:19-26; 2 Chr. 33:21-25
2 Kin. 22:1—23:30;  2 Chr. 34:1—35:27
2 Kin. 23:31-34; 2 Chr. 36:1-4
2 Kin. 23:34—- 24:7; 2 Chr. 36:5-8
2 Kin. 24:8-16; 2 Chr. 36:9-10
2 Kin. 24:18—-25:21; 2 Chr. 36:11-21
Kings of Israel
Jeroboam
Nadab
Baasha
Elah
Zimri
** Omri
Ahab
Ahaziah
Joram (Jehoram)
Jehu
Jehoahaz
Jehoash (Joash)
Jeroboam II
Zachariah
Shallum
Menahem
Pekahiah
Pekah
Hoshea
Ruled
22 y
2 y
24 y
2 y
7 dys
12 y
22 y
2 y
12 y
28 y
17 y
16 y
41 y
6 m
1 m
10 y
2 y
20 y
9 y
Found In Scripture
1 Kin. 12:25—-14:20
1 Kin. 15:25-31
1Kin. 15:32—-16:7
1 Kin. 16:8-14
1 Kin. 16:15-20
1 Kin. 16:21-28
1 Kin. 16:29—-22:40
1 Kin. 22:51-53 and 2 Kin. 1:1-18
2 Kin. 3:1—-8:15
2 Kin. 9:1—-10:36
2 Kin. 13:1-9
2 Kin. 13:10-25
2 Kin. 14:23-29
2 Kin. 15:8-12
2 Kin. 15:13-15
2 Kin. 15:16-22
2 Kin.15:23-26
2 Kin. 15:27-31
2 Kin. 17:1-41
Below is a list of all the Kings after Solomon died.
* Athaliah was actually a queen! In fact, she is the only queen we see ruling the Kingdom of Judah or Israel. Athaliah is the daughter of Jehoram, king of Judah, and mother of Ahaziah, king of Judah. At her son’s death from battle wounds, she tried to gain power for herself by having all male heirs killed. She managed to rule Judah for six years (2 Kings 11:1-4). Jehoiada, the priest, led a revolt, crowning the child Josiah as the king and brought about Athaliah’s death (see 2 Kings 11:5-20).

** Omri murdered King Zimri at Tirzah and was made king. However, for the 1st  4 years there was continued opposition to his reign. A man named Tibni, led an opposing party; but was finally defeated, and Omri became king of Israel. It should also be noted that Tirza was the seat of Omri’s government for 6 years, before he moved the capital to Samaria, where he died, and was succeeded by his son Ahab.
To read  an in depth look on the Kings of Judah and Israel, we invite you to read our Biblical Insights: Kings of The Nations commentary notes, which is also an excerpt from our book "Growing In God's Word."

Just click on the following link for a FREE PDF download of our Biblical Insights & Basic Commentary Notes.
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